Gouty arthritis is a serious and rather unpleasant disease. It occurs as a result of the deposition of uric acid salts (urates) and manifests itself in pain attacks, especially at night. In such cases, the patient is covered with fever, general weakness, and aching discomfort in the abdominal cavity. The soft tissues around the affected joint become very inflamed, swollen, and the skin becomes bright red.
Today, almost all signs of gout are known and a number of effective methods have been developed to eliminate it. However, the most effective way to recover from the pathology was to strictly follow a special diet aimed at reducing the amount of uric acid in the body of patients with arthritis.
Proper nutrition every day for gout is the key to health. When treating gout, it is imperative to exclude all purine-rich foods from your diet.
This allows it to significantly slow down the development of the disease and significantly improve the overall condition of the patient. Provided that your doctor’s instructions are followed for a long time, you can not only increase the interval between gout attacks, but also significantly reduce their intensity, alleviate the inflammatory process, and dull discomfort.
Diet for gout
In order to successfully combat the pathology, physicians are strongly advised to completely abandon animal proteins. In addition to such foods, animal fats and empty, easily digestible carbohydrates can significantly worsen the condition of patients.
Like diabetes, people with gout should avoid foods that contain excessive amounts of white sugar; in this respect, the diet for gout and diabetes is similar.
Starving for gout is strictly forbidden! In case of gout every day you should eat fragmentarily and often (in small portions). Practical recommendations suggest that a person with this disease should eat at least 5-6 times during the day.
In the case of gouty arthritis, nutrition is a mandatory fasting day once a week. Only fresh vegetables and fruits should be eaten during this time. It is necessary to consume plant foods in any form, but without the addition of table salt. The products can be:
The recommendations suggest that it should be emphasized that only one type of vegetable or fruit is consumed on the day of fasting. Applying apple-rice is especially popular. Once a week, the patient should eat only cooked rice (preferably unpeeled) and raw sweet and sour apples.
To get the most out of the benefits and heal your body, you need to cook rice properly. To do this, take 75 cereals, pour 750 ml of milk and cook until cooked.
The resulting food is divided into 3 equal portions and consumed for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Apples are consumed between meals. In addition, the total amount of fruit should not exceed 300 g per day. If for some reason the patient is unable to eat so many apples, they can make compote out of them without adding sugar.
Natural honey, especially useful for gout, helps sweeten the drink.
Recipes for every day
In order not to break into the harmful and forbidden foods of gout, you need to diversify your diet. The table will help you choose the optimal set. The diet should be completely balanced.
It is good if the foods contain all the minerals and vitamins that are necessary for the normal functioning of the body.
Below is a gout diet (sample menu) in which each ingredient is well thought out and will have a beneficial effect on the course of the disease. These recipes can be prepared every day.
An excellent option for a person with gouty arthritis is vegetarian borscht. It is made from fresh vegetables, but without pre-baking. You need to prepare:
- 200 g potatoes;
- 150 g white cabbage;
- 150 g of beets;
- 70 g carrots;
- 50 g onions;
- 30 g nonfat sour cream;
- greens to taste (parsley or dill).
First, the gouty beets are half-cooked, peeled and grated. Then we cut the cabbage finely, we cut the tomatoes and potatoes into small cubes, we cut the carrots into strips, we cut the onions into rings.
All the prepared vegetables are placed in a pan, poured with cold water and cooked until cooked. Before serving, the finished food is seasoned with sour cream and sprinkled with finely chopped herbs.
Potato soup will be no less delicious and nutritious. This will require:
- 1 chicken egg (or 3 quail eggs);
- some potatoes;
- 1 tablespoon flour;
- low fat sour cream;
- 1 sweet pepper;
- greens to taste;
Peel the potato tubers and cook until soft. Pour the potato soup into a separate bowl and chop the potatoes thoroughly and grind through a fine sieve.
The sauce is then prepared: the flour is heated in the oven, diluted in 50 ml of liquid, where the potatoes are cooked and cooked well.
Then mix the grated potatoes, the drained soup and the flour sauce.
The mixed soup is seasoned with chicken eggs and butter, boiled and served. The finished food is flavored with delicious herbs and sour cream.
You can eat vegetable stew every day. To prepare this healthy food, you need to prepare and clean the food:
- 7 potato tubers;
- 4 carrots;
- 1 bell pepper;
- 1 onion;
- a glass of fresh green peas;
- 100 g of sour cream;
- 1 tablespoon olive or sunflower oil
- salt to taste.
Cut the onion into small cubes and fry in hot vegetable oil. The ideal solution would be to fry in a special, non-stick pan that does not require fat. As soon as the onion turns golden brown, add chopped carrots and peppers and simmer until the vegetables are soft.
Then put the pre-cooked peas and boiled potatoes in the pan, cut into medium cubes. Then add to the sour cream, salt the stew and let it simmer for another 10-15 minutes. Before serving, pour the dish with melted butter.
A variety of cereals should be included in the diet every day. So it is useful to eat buckwheat porridge. All dietary buckwheat recipes are almost the same. Take 50 g of cereal, pour water in a ratio of 1: 2, add a little salt and let it cook on the stove, be sure to close the lid of the pan.
Once the buckwheat has taken up all the water, mix well, remove from the heat and let it steam for another 30 minutes. The finished food is flavored with butter. If you add honey and dried grapes to the porridge, it will be an excellent afternoon snack.
The approximate menu for gout patients will be as follows:
- breakfast. Fresh vegetable salad (peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes) with vegetable oil, millet, apple and carrot casserole, flavored with hard egg, herbal tea;
- lunch. Rosehip decoction;
- dinner. Homemade pasta soup, potato slices, berry jelly (you can add honey, dried grapes for sweets);
- afternoon tea. Fresh or baked apples (you can add honey and grapes);
- dinner. Meatless stuffed cabbage rolls with rice and vegetables, oven baked syrniki, herbal soup.
List of permitted and prohibited products
In case of gout, patients should eat as many vegetables as possible. The only limitation is the particularly pungent taste of vegetables such as radish, garlic, chili, horseradish. It is strictly forbidden to eat foods that contain:
In addition, the diet associated with the exacerbation of gout requires any kind of exotic and familiar to us: apples, plums, pears, bananas, oranges, grapefruit. Treating gouty arthritis involves consuming low-fat lactic and lactic acid products: milk, cottage cheese, yogurt without fillers, and sugar.
It is good for the patient to start eating chicken and quail eggs. Doctors advise you to consume whole grains, nuts, honey honey (linden and may best), grapes and walnuts (walnuts, cashews, almonds). Herbal teas based on herbs help relieve the inflammatory process. They can be drunk several times a week.
Patients with gout should limit the use of sausages, smoked meat, meat, fish and offal as much as possible. Only shrimp can sometimes get on the table of a gout patient, but it is better to refuse them altogether. Table salt should be phased out of the diet, although some diet recipes require it.
The list of prohibited products includes:
- spices, condiments (excluding bay leaves, wine and apple cider vinegar).
You cannot drink natural black coffee, tea, alcoholic beverages. Taboos are imposed on cocoa, chocolate, sweets. Such purine foods can damage joints and worsen gout.
There is a board with a more detailed list on the internet for the public.
Honey, grapes against gout
Like any other diet, gouty arthritis involves the complete elimination of sugar and sugary foods. Natural honey is an excellent substitute for sweets. In addition, honey helps relieve an acute pain attack if consumed several times a week with 250 g of alfalfa.
If you mix the honey with dry mustard, baking soda, chopped onions and apply such compaction to the joint affected by gout, the inflammation and swelling will soon disappear.
Not only honey but also pollen can prevent disease attacks.
There are clear medical recommendations for including grapes in your diet, but if there is no obesity associated with obesity. Overweight patients are prohibited from eating grapes as they are high in calories and glucose. In all other cases, the grapes will be an excellent general tonic, enhancing metabolism in gouty arthritis.
Grapes contain large amounts of biologically active and nutrients (depending on the variety and degree of ripeness). If a patient with gout has stomach problems and increased acidity, he should prefer meaty grapes.