Inflammation of the gastric mucosa is calledgastritis. He spares no one: neither men, nor women, nor the elderly, nor children. In today’s rushed age, with snacks, stressful situations and an unstable environment, this disease is very common.
Regardless of the type of disease, thegastritis dietplays a major role in recovery.
Gastritis and its types
There are two forms of gastritis:acuteandchronic, which in turn are divided into different types. Acute gastritis develops in a few days or even hours. In this case, the patient feels pain in the upper abdomen, heartburn, nausea, vomiting.
Over the years, chronic gastritis develops, sometimes with mild pain and abnormalities in the stomach. This gastritis is only shown by laboratory tests. There are also exacerbations of the chronic course of the disease.
Depending on the area of mucosal lesions, the following types are distinguished:
- catarrhal- inflammation of the mucosal surface;
- erosive- inflammation of all layers of the mucosa;
- phlegmon- not only all layers of the mucosa are affected, but also the gastric tissues.
The disease is also divided according to the mechanism of the disease:
- atrophic- a consequence of slow chronic gastritis;
- autoimmune- occurs due to a mismatch between the immune system and the gastric mucosa;
- hypertrophic- increased gastric mucosa, increased risk of oncology;
- Allergic- occurs in people with food allergies.
These are the most common types of gastritis, in reality there are many more.
Nutrition for gastritis
Consuming a healthy gastritis helps yourrecover quickly. By following the advice and recommendations regarding nutrition, you can avoid unpleasant manifestations such as stomach difficulty, heartburn, nausea, pain. In addition, diet helps prevent the transition from an acute form of the disease to a chronic state.
It is important to note that good nutrition stays with you for a lifetime. At first it’s hard to give up the usual but harmful foods, but then one gets used to it.
As the disease progresses, it is important to know what to eat, but also how to do it. You must adhere to the following rules:
- Fragmented food - eat a little 5-6 times a day. This prevents overeating and normal stomach function.
- Take a 3-4 hour break between meals.
- You should eat at the same time.
- Breakfast should be complete and not limited to a glass of juice or tea.
- You can consume it 3 hours before bedtime.
- Food should be chewed well, which can make it easier for the stomach.
- Have hot soup for lunch or dinner.
- Stop eating on the go and dry.
- Half an hour after eating, you should drink water so as not to dilute the gastric juice and thus impair the normal digestive process.
- Stop drinking or significantly limit yourself to coffee, alcohol, carbonated drinks, and fatty and fried drinks.
- It is recommended to quit smoking.
- It is important to eat only fresh products, store ready meals properly.
Gradually switch to a new diet. Once you get used to such a diet over time, the desire for fast food will cease and your health will improve noticeably.
Diet for inflammation of the stomach, what can you eat?
The diet of any gastritis is usuallygentle. An individual diet is prescribed for each type of diet. But with any gastritis, foods are released that are not only possible but also necessary. The most useful foods for gastritis are listed below:
- Porridge. The healthiest food for a troubled stomach for breakfast. Oatmeal and buckwheat porridge are best - these should be cooked for a long time using milk or a dairy product diluted with water.
- Bread and rusks. You can’t eat rye bread and freshly baked bread - they have a bad effect on the lining of the stomach. It is better to use a slice of wheat softened with milk in tea or outdated white bread that can be eaten at lunch.
- Potatoes. It is most useful for gastritis in the form of mashed potatoes or simple cooked form. The puree coats the stomach wall and prevents gastric juice from digesting them. You can’t eat fried potatoes and fries - they negatively affect the mucous membranes.
- Soups. They cannot be cooked in rich broth. If you don’t want to eat vegetable soups, just take chicken or beef broth, diluting heavily at the same time. Do not season them with spice enhancers, use only warm soup, not hot.
- Meat. You can eat it, but choose only low-fat breeds: veal, chicken, rabbit, beef. It is best to cook steamed slices of meat, because we cut the meat into small pieces as shown. Only cooked or steamed meat can be consumed, only in small quantities and chewed well, as this increases the strain on the stomach. Smoked meat, sausages and sausages should not be consumed categorically.
- Fish. Low-fat marine fish are allowed: pollos, hake, cod and river fish: perch and pike. Canned fish and fried fish are not edible at all, they do not bring any benefits, carcinogens and harmful spices are just harmful effects on the stomach. It is better to steam or cook fish without excessive use of spices.
- Fruit. You can eat bananas and watermelons in small quantities. The other types are best not eaten at all or consumed in small amounts.
- Vegetables. You can cook carrots, cauliflower, beets. If the gastritis is chronic and in remission, you can eat fresh peeled and grated cucumbers.
Different foods are allowed or forbidden for different types of gastritis and its course. What you can eat and what you can avoid should be discussed with a professional.
Diet for acute gastritis
Gastritissuddenly worsensdue to short-term pathogenic effects on the gastric mucosa. It can be caused by food poisoning, chemical poisoning or medication, and even overeating.
The diet for acute stage gastritisalso has a therapeutic function - relieving the patient from symptoms such as pain, nausea and diarrhea. All patients need to know what to eat in case of acute gastritis.
The following rules are followed here:
- On the first day, the patient must completely reject the food.But you need to drink plenty of fluids, preferably warm. It can be sweet weak tea, carbonated mineral water, rosehip decoction.
- The next day you can eat thin, viscous rice or oatmeal soup with a small piece of butter.Liquid porridge made from buckwheat or barley should be consumed in a stable normal state.
Soups can be cooked in a weak meat or fish soup. Slightly sour berries or fruits are allowed.
- If appetite appears, the exacerbation of gastritis is gone, but the diet must be followed.In addition, products that do not irritate the stomach wall are used during cooking. It is recommended to boil or steam the food.
From the third day of the diet, eggs and dairy products can be added to the diet. Boil the eggs gently or in a bag.You can eat low-fat cottage cheese, but in small quantities. You are allowed to drink milk and add a little butter to the dishes.
- From the second day of the diet, one piece of dried non-rye bread should be eaten daily.Adding another piece is allowed for the fifth day. You can’t use baked goods and fresh bread, and biscuits are also forbidden, irritating the mucous membranes.
- During exacerbation, protein content is allowed if the intestines are functioning normally.In case of constipation, it should be limited to vegetables, preferably with a laxative effect. If digestion is not disturbed, you can include meatballs, meatballs and steamed slices in your diet.
Spices should be completely eliminated and salt limited. From the fifth day of illness, you can go to your regular table, but you can’t eat fried, spicy and fatty foods.
Diet to worsen gastritis does not allow the use of alcoholic beverages, strong tea and coffee, carbonated liquids, kvass and cocoa. You can drink compotes from non-acidic berries and dried fruits.
The diet is extended from day 5 if symptoms are normal and on day 10 is completely abandoned.
Diet for High Acid Gastritis
If gastritis takes place against the background of increased acidity, it is important to eat to normalize the acidity and rule out the possibility of its increase.
Acidifying foods should be excluded here: spicy, pickled, spices, chocolate, fatty broths, alcohol, fatty and fried, sour berries, fruits and herbs, legumes, dairy products and carbonated drinks.
You can eat the following foods that can normalize acidity:
- Lean meat: beef, rabbit, skinless chicken.
- Steamed or cooked fish and seafood: shrimp, crabs, crabs.
- Cereals, pasta, oatmeal, semolina, rice and buckwheat can be used.
- Soft eggor steamed omelette.
- From vegetables: carrots, potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini, peeled tomatoes, pumpkin, greens.
- From Berries: raspberries, strawberries, strawberries. Baked fruits with jam.
We recommend steaming or boiling the dishes, limiting or completely excluding spices and condiments that increase the acidity of the stomach: vinegar, soy sauce, mustard. You can prepare delicious and varied dishes from the product list on offer.
Chronic gastritis is the most common disease of the digestive system. All foods should be such that they do not irritate the lining of the stomach.
At the moment of exacerbation, the diet should bevery strict, and during remission, foods should be eaten that stimulate the secretion of gastric juice and hydrochloric acid: meat, fish soup, and herring. Not only steaming or boiling, frying, baking is also allowed, but without breading. A wide variety of dishes are allowed.
In addition to those used during the exacerbation, you can enjoy the following during a quiet period:
- Steamed souffles and slices made from meat and fish, meatballs and meatballs.
- Vegetable stew and puree with fresh vegetables.
- Porridge and cereal soups.
- Steamed omelette and boiled egg.
- Desserts, mousses, jellies and jellies made from non-acidic berries and fruits.
- Milk and fermented milk products.
- Slightly dried white bread.
- Herbal and rosehip decoction, water-diluted juices, weak tea and lots of clear water.
It should be remembered that a diet for chronic gastritis is not a temporary phenomenon but aproper dietfor a lifetime. Only then can you avoid moments of disease aggravation and save yourself from the negative consequences.
Nutrition for Erosive Gastritis
The diet for erosive gastritisis very strict. There are a lot of forbidden foods here - almost nothing is allowed, like when gastritis gets worse. But there are foods whose use has a beneficial effect on the stomach mucosa. In this respect, the following products are distinguished:
- Rusks and obsolete wheat bread.
- Milk soups made from pureed cereals: rice, buckwheat, semolina, oatmeal and pasta.
- Omelet of egg white and milk.
- Banana, powdered.
- Kissels from berries, fruits, oatmeal.
- Vegetable soup puree with lean broth from potatoes, cauliflower, carrots, beets.
- Tea is not strong, slightly sweetened.
Useful to flavor foods with butter or vegetable oil. The food should be puree, soft and not hot.
Diet for Atrophic Gastritis
In this type of disease, the diet is strictly prescribed individually, depending on the degree of stomach damage. As with other types, anything that is spicy, pickled and greasy is forbidden. If the disease is in a chronic stage, thediet for atrophic gastritislooks like this:
- It is allowed to include lean meat, skinless fish and tendons in the diet.
- Porridge made from rice, oatmeal and buckwheat cooked in water or dilute milk.
- Stewed, cooked, fried cabbage, potatoes, zucchini, carrots.
- Low-fat cheese, cottage cheese and milk.
- Herbal teas, jellies and compotes from sweet berries.
In this type of gastritis, it is not possible to drink a lot of fluids, taking into account soups and tea, a maximum of 1. 5 liters is allowed. A strict diet reduces the load on the gastrointestinal tract, which improves the patient's condition.
Diet is an important element in the treatment of any type of gastritis. Proper nutrition accelerates healing and dietary disturbances cause deterioration and worsening.